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#Tip: Take note of this advice for video interviews

April 11th, 2014 | 1 Comment | Posted by in Top tips for journalists

Conducting video interviews can be daunting if you’re used to being behind the camera, rather than in front of it.

In this video posted by the BBC College of Journalism, BBC reporters Jon Sopel, Jane Corbin and Jim Fitzpatrick offer their advice for on-screen interviews.

Although the tips are aimed at television interviews, they can be applied to all forms of interview, whether for online, print or broadcast.

They include being “sceptical, not cynical” and planning ahead, while still being prepared for “unexpected opportunities”.

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#Tip: Remember these 10 tips for interviewing

March 21st, 2014 | 2 Comments | Posted by in Top tips for journalists

Despite all the modern talk of data and visualisations, great stories always need to be anchored by a human element, so the ability to talk to people openly – and have them do so in return – is vital to a journalist’s work.

These ten tips on interview technique on corporate communications site Ragan, written by former newspaper editor turned writing coach Daphne Gray-Grant, cover the bases: getting great quotes, wading through jargon, note-taking advice and more.

 

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#Tip: How to become a better interviewer

March 6th, 2013 | No Comments | Posted by in Top tips for journalists

Microphone

As a journalist you have no doubt interviewed hundreds of people. But no matter how experienced you are it is worth a read of this post on interview tips on Poynter.

For example, one of the tips in the post by Chip Scanlan is to “capture how people talk”. And he includes a useful illustration:

The most powerful quotes are short, sometimes just fragments of speech. In a story about a two-car collision that killed two Alabama sisters traveling to visit each other, Jeffrey Gettleman of The New York Times used simple quotes that illustrated what the Roman orator Cicero called brevity’s “great charm of eloquence.”

“They weren’t fancy women,” said their sister Billie Walker. “They loved good conversation. And sugar biscuits.”

Just 11 words in quotes, yet they speak volumes about the victims.

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‘Is there a better way of doing this?’: Johann Hari responds to plagiarism accusations

June 28th, 2011 | 21 Comments | Posted by in Press freedom and ethics

Independent columnist and interviewer Johann Hari has come under fire over the past week for so-called copy and paste journalism.

First the DSG blog pointed out the remarkable similarities between Hari’s 2004 interview with Tony Negri and Negri’s own 2003 book, Negri on Negri. Then Brian Whelan, an editor at Yahoo! Ireland, did a little more digging around and unearthed more similarities. Whelan took a close look at Hari’s interview with Gideon Levy, published in the Independent last year, and found that chunks of it had been lifted from both Levy’s own writing and interviews he gave to other journalists.

It’s important to note the copied passages are not cited as quotes from their original source, which would be perfectly acceptable, but rather passed off as having been said in Hari’s own interview, complete with such dramatic additions as: “With a shake of the head, he says…” and “After saying this, he falls silent, and we stare at each other for a while. Then he says, in a quieter voice…”

What is perhaps more surprising than the evidence that the Independent’s star interviewer has been lifting quotes from elsewhere to neaten up his work, is a blog post from Hari last night defending the practice.

The post, titled “interview etiquette”, explains that he occasionally replaces quotes from an interview with quotes from elsewhere in which the subject has better expressed the same idea.

So occasionally, at the point in the interview where the subject has expressed an idea, I’ve quoted the idea as they expressed it in writing, rather than how they expressed it in speech. It’s a way of making sure the reader understands the point that (say) Gideon Levy wants to make as clearly as possible, while retaining the directness of the interview. Since my interviews are intellectual portraits that I hope explain how a person thinks, it seemed the most thorough way of doing it.

Hari claims to be bemused that a blogger considers this plagiarism, and says that he has called round “a few other interviewers for British newspapers” who told him that they do the same thing from time to time.

But Hari’s defence that he would expect somebody interviewing him about Martin Amis to replace something like: “Um, I think, you know, he got the figures for, uh, how many Muslims there are in Europe upside down” with something he’d written “more cogently about him a month before” is disingenuous. No journalist is expected to quote so verbatim as to include ums, uhs, and you knows. Features would be a complete mess. But they should, without doubt, be expected to not pass off other material as having been said in their interview.

Hari’s simplistic take on the practice is also disingenuous, and I suspect he knows it. There are all sorts of problems associated with this kind of fudging, not least the question of whether his subjects can be confident of having any control over an interview, or whether his editors and readers will be able to trust what they get given. And once misrepresenting what was said a little bit, where do you stop?

It should be acknowledged that all journalists pick and choose quotes from an interview as they see fit, eschewing thousands of words for a few quotes sometimes, and this can carry with it its own forms of misrepresentation. There is a fine, but important line, however, between that and falsifying what was said in an interview.

Hari finishes his post by saying that he is “open to suggestions from anyone who thinks there’s a better way of doing this”.

I have one: ask the right questions, get the answers you are looking for if possible, or if not work with what you’ve got. If your subject has expressed an idea more cogently elsewhere, point your readers in that direction and let them decide for themselves. If they um and ar, cut out the umms and arrs. No one is going to write an accusatory blog post about you doing that.

Hari’s actions aren’t a far cry from the recent case of Brian Walski, who was fired from his job as a staff photographer on the LA Times for filing a composite image. There were few objections to Walski’s sacking, and none from the man himself who issued a contrite apology. Alterations and composites are unacceptable in professional photojournalism, why should it be any different with the written word?

Image by internets_dairy on Flickr. Some rights reserved.

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Krishnan Guru-Murthy on those awkward interview moments

June 21st, 2011 | No Comments | Posted by in Broadcasting, Editors' pick, Funny

Channel 4 News presenter Krishnan Guru-Murthy has an good post up on those awkward questions that tend to come toward the end of an interview, like asking Brown about bullying, Trump about toupées, or Pryce about penalty points.

Somehow the slightly awkward ones often fall on my days in the chair – those interviews about one thing with somebody currently famous for another, when colleagues say “obviously you’re going to ask about the sex change” as I walk into the studio when we are really supposed to be talking about credit default swaps.

Read the full post at this link.

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#Tip of the day from Journalism.co.uk – interviewing victims

April 21st, 2011 | No Comments | Posted by in Top tips for journalists

In the latest part of the BBC College of Journalism’s Art of the Interview series this video shows a talk at the BBC on interviewing victims featuring those who have experienced being on the receiving end of media attention, who also offer advice along the way to journalists working in these situations in the future. Tipster: Rachel McAthy.

To submit a tip to Journalism.co.uk, use this link – we will pay a fiver for the best ones published.

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Al Jazeera gives the public a chance to ask the questions for Cameron interview

February 21st, 2011 | No Comments | Posted by in Broadcasting, Editors' pick, Politics

A series of monthly interviews with leaders across the world that gives the public the chance to ask the questions will feature David Cameron on 25 February.

World View, an Al Jazeera series, asks for questions to be sent in either by video or text.

More information on Al Jazeera’s YouTube channel at this link.

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#Tip of the day from Journalism.co.uk – interview technique

February 8th, 2011 | No Comments | Posted by in Top tips for journalists

Anyone looking to brush up on their interviewing skills may find this ‘how to’ by Helenka Bednar a useful checklist when preparing for an interview, from checking your recording kit is reliable to setting the right tone. Tipster: Rachel McAthy.

To submit a tip to Journalism.co.uk, use this link – we will pay a fiver for the best ones published.

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When interview subjects strike back…

June 3rd, 2010 | 1 Comment | Posted by in Editors' pick, Journalism

Two separate examples of how journalists can be challenged/brought to task by the subjects of their interviews post-publication:

1. Freelance journalist Kat Brown gives an account of how she believes her case study interview for a feature on depression in Stylist magazine was misreported.

2. The singer M.I.A. has posted audio clips on her website that she secretly recorded whilst being interviewed by the New York Times, challenging some of the statements and quotations attributed to her in the published piece.

As the New York Observer’s write-up of the M.I.A. story explains:

The duel between reporter and source has spooked the journalism world, reminding writers that, thanks to Twitter and Facebook and other online sources, they may no longer have the final word.

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